Preparation of the deratization intervention
Those who deal with professional pest control, know well the various species of Rodent pests present in the city and how to recognize their signs of presence that can go unnoticed by an untrained eye.
If you have a receptive or catering activity, the advice is always to turn to experienced and qualified personnel, especially because the operations of deratization must be done following all safety regulations in the application of traps or chemical deratifying substances, as well as providing all the documentation on the type of interventions carried out. This is also necessary in order not to incur heavy penalties from the control bodies (Asl, NAS).
In reality, rodent infestation in the home is also very dangerous, especially if there are children, the elderly or pets, as they carry many diseases, some of which are also very serious.
A visit to the site is of course necessary in order to realize the extent of the area to be treated, the points to be treated, the environmental context in which the site to be treated and the presence of people and other animals within the site itself.
Interventions can be scheduled at any time of the day both indoors and outdoors, as long as there are no special needs on the part of the customer linked, for example, to problems of visibility or interference with other activities or work commitments. Usually a period of a few weeks is required, during which several interventions can be scheduled.
Throughout the period during which the deratization devices are placed, it is essential to maintain a high level of hygiene and, above all, to reduce the possibility of food competition as much as possible, also trying to limit or prevent Rodents from accessing food matrices present in the environment.
If the intervention foresees the use of rodenticide baits, it is necessary to report the area subject to rodenticides and also to evaluate the possible impact of these baits on non-target organisms. Always consider that rodenticides, even those that can be purchased in shops, are in any case substances that have a certain toxicity that should not be underestimated and should therefore be used with all the necessary precautions to avoid unpleasant incidents.
Modes of intervention of deratization
There are various methods of intervention to proceed to the deratization of an environment but most of them are based on the integrated use of rodenticide bait capture devices and bait dispensers or devices similar to containers (boxes) in which is contained a food bait with toxic active ingredient (usually an anticoagulant) which, following even a single ingestion by the Rodent, usually causes death within a maximum of a couple of days.
There are also toxic baits containing poison with acute action but their use is not recommended because they are more dangerous for animals or people who could accidentally swallow them as well as the fact that Rodents, animals who learn from the experiences of their fellow animals, soon learn to avoid these baits because they are associated with a danger.
Catch traps, on the other hand, can be of various types and work with mechanical systems that trap Rodents in a more or less bloody way, i.e. causing their death (snap traps, glue traps, etc..) or leaving them alive (capture cages).
Unless they are small confined environments or particular areas, interventions with capture traps alone are almost never decisive, so it is almost always necessary to combine capture traps with bait boxes.
Also the positioning of the traps is important for the success of the intervention and in this sense the specialized companies certainly have more technical and professional experience.
Actions after cockroach pest control intervention
After the intervention, once there are no more signs of Rodent presence in the environment or in any case the bait consumption is cancelled or drastically reduced, it is possible to proceed in different ways.
In general, in environments that are particularly at risk, it is advisable to maintain permanent Rodent monitoring devices both in the outdoor and indoor areas. These are capture or bait-free devices that need to be inspected frequently so that you can quickly see if there is re-infestation.
In indoor environments, especially in particularly critical places (schools, hospitals, centres for the elderly, etc…) it is good practice to make sure that the carcasses of Rodents are removed and disposed of and that in case of suspected circulation of these animals in places frequented by people, there is an intervention of cleaning and disinfection of the premises to avoid the permanence of pathogens transported or transmitted by mice and rats.
Alternatively, at the end of the deratization intervention, it may be decided simply to stop any action including monitoring. Even in this case, after the removal of the dermatological devices and any carcasses present in the environment, the places subjected to the clean-up can be easily visited without risk and it is useful to plan the disinfection.
The ineffectiveness of an intervention may depend on various factors that are linked to the operation of the technicians but also to the collaboration of the client and the environmental conditions.
In some cases the ineffectiveness can also be due to Rodents’ behaviour, among which it is necessary to keep in mind the neophobic attitude that induces them to avoid traps and baits, or the very strong food competition for example in those environments very rich in available food (for example bulk or seeds warehouses, supermarkets, livestock farms, mills, feed mills, etc…).
For this reason it is always important to follow as scrupulously as possible the prevention advice that pest control professionals offer the customer and to give technicians the opportunity to inspect infested environments and those to be treated.
Another aspect to be considered, even if less frequent, is the development of resistance to toxic active ingredients or the intake through other food sources of the antidote (vitamin K) to anticoagulants normally applied as toxic baits.
How much does a professional deratization cost?
Obviously, there are several factors that make up a precise estimate of the cost of a professional deratization procedure.
First of all, the size of the area to be treated. For example, treating the attic of a residential house will cost considerably less than treating the kitchen of a medium-sized restaurant. In addition to the surface area that affects the number of devices applicable and the amount of material to be used (including any toxic bait), it is necessary to understand which of the intervention methods to apply, for how long, how often to carry out interventions, what is the environmental complexity of the place or area to be treated.
There are chemical treatments that can be cheaper than biological treatments that use more sophisticated technologies and that also imply, if ever, a greater use of manpower.
However, the professional, could propose you one or the other alternative according to the characteristics of the place and those who live in it so that you can intervene in maximum safety for all.
Broadly speaking, but it depends both on the city and the deratization company you call, a treatment can cost from a minimum of 60.00 euros up to 200.00 euros talking about interventions in a private home or in a small room.
The best thing is always to allow the company a technical inspection and the relative estimate. It must also be considered that within the catering activities is mandatory, permanently, the monitoring of rodent infestations. The same applies to Food Industries or those producing food packaging.